Prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2α) analogues such as latanoprost are common first-line intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering medications. However, their clinical use is limited in some patient populations due to minimal or no IOP lowering response or side effects. In searching for a more targeted approach for IOP reduction, our lab recently identified Stanniocalcin-1 (STC-1) as a molecule that was required for latanoprost-mediated IOP reduction and also acted as a stand-alone IOP lowering agent. In order to determine whether latanoprost and STC-1 were equivalent and/or additive for IOP reduction, we treated C57BL/6J mice with one or a combination of these agents and measured IOP. Importance of the FP receptor for latanoprost- and STC-1-mediated IOP reduction was examined in C57BL/6J mice utilizing the pharmacologic FP receptor inhibitor AL-8810 as well as FP receptor knockout mice generated in our laboratory. Latanoprost-free acid (LFA) and STC-1 reduced IOP to a similar degree and were non-additive in C57BL/6J mice. As expected, the IOP lowering effects of LFA were abrogated by pharmacologic inhibition of the FP receptor with AL-8810 and in FP receptor knockout mice. In contrast, STC-1 maintained IOP-lowering effects in the presence of AL-8810 and also in FP receptor knockout mice. These results suggest that LFA and STC-1 show equivalent and non-additive IOP reduction in C57BL/6J mice and that unlike LFA, STC-1-mediated IOP reduction occurs independent of the FP receptor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)