Standardizing terms for clinical pharmacogenetic test results: Consensus terms from the Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC)

Kelly E. Caudle, Henry M. Dunnenberger, Robert Freimuth, Josh F. Peterson, Jonathan D. Burlison, Michelle Whirl-Carrillo, Stuart A. Scott, Heidi L. Rehm, Marc S. Williams, Teri E. Klein, Mary V. Relling, James M. Hoffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

118 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction:Reporting and sharing pharmacogenetic test results across clinical laboratories and electronic health records is a crucial step toward the implementation of clinical pharmacogenetics, but allele function and phenotype terms are not standardized. Our goal was to develop terms that can be broadly applied to characterize pharmacogenetic allele function and inferred phenotypes.Materials and methods:Terms currently used by genetic testing laboratories and in the literature were identified. The Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC) used the Delphi method to obtain a consensus and agree on uniform terms among pharmacogenetic experts.Results:Experts with diverse involvement in at least one area of pharmacogenetics (clinicians, researchers, genetic testing laboratorians, pharmacogenetics implementers, and clinical informaticians; n = 58) participated. After completion of five surveys, a consensus (>70%) was reached with 90% of experts agreeing to the final sets of pharmacogenetic terms.Discussion:The proposed standardized pharmacogenetic terms will improve the understanding and interpretation of pharmacogenetic tests and reduce confusion by maintaining consistent nomenclature. These standard terms can also facilitate pharmacogenetic data sharing across diverse electronic health care record systems with clinical decision support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-223
Number of pages9
JournalGenetics in Medicine
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

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Pharmacogenetics
Electronic Health Records
Genetic Testing
Alleles
Clinical Decision Support Systems
Phenotype
Information Dissemination
Terminology
Research Personnel
Delivery of Health Care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Standardizing terms for clinical pharmacogenetic test results : Consensus terms from the Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC). / Caudle, Kelly E.; Dunnenberger, Henry M.; Freimuth, Robert; Peterson, Josh F.; Burlison, Jonathan D.; Whirl-Carrillo, Michelle; Scott, Stuart A.; Rehm, Heidi L.; Williams, Marc S.; Klein, Teri E.; Relling, Mary V.; Hoffman, James M.

In: Genetics in Medicine, Vol. 19, No. 2, 01.02.2017, p. 215-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Caudle, KE, Dunnenberger, HM, Freimuth, R, Peterson, JF, Burlison, JD, Whirl-Carrillo, M, Scott, SA, Rehm, HL, Williams, MS, Klein, TE, Relling, MV & Hoffman, JM 2017, 'Standardizing terms for clinical pharmacogenetic test results: Consensus terms from the Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC)', Genetics in Medicine, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 215-223. https://doi.org/10.1038/gim.2016.87
Caudle, Kelly E. ; Dunnenberger, Henry M. ; Freimuth, Robert ; Peterson, Josh F. ; Burlison, Jonathan D. ; Whirl-Carrillo, Michelle ; Scott, Stuart A. ; Rehm, Heidi L. ; Williams, Marc S. ; Klein, Teri E. ; Relling, Mary V. ; Hoffman, James M. / Standardizing terms for clinical pharmacogenetic test results : Consensus terms from the Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC). In: Genetics in Medicine. 2017 ; Vol. 19, No. 2. pp. 215-223.
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