Standard colonic lavage alters the natural state of mucosal-associated microbiota in the human colon

Laura E. H. Raffals, Yunwei Wang, Dionysios Antonopoulos, Vincent Young, Lev Lichtenstein, Yong Huang, Stephen Hanauer, Eugene Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background & Aims: Past studies of the human intestinal microbiota are potentially confounded by the common practice of using bowel-cleansing preparations. We examined if colonic lavage changes the natural state of enteric mucosal-adherent microbes in healthy human subjects. Methods: Twelve healthy individuals were divided into three groups; experimental group, control group one, and control group two. Subjects in the experimental group underwent an un-prepped flexible sigmoidoscopy with biopsies. Within two weeks, subjects were given a standard polyethylene glycol-based bowel cleansing preparation followed by a second flexible sigmoidoscopy. Subjects in control group one underwent two un-prepped flexible sigmoidoscopies within one week. Subjects in the second control group underwent an un-prepped flexible sigmoidoscopy followed by a second flexible sigmoidoscopy after a 24-hour clear liquid diet within one week. The mucosa-associated microbial communities from the two procedures in each subject were compared using 16S rRNA gene based terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP), and library cloning and sequencing. Results: Clone library sequencing analysis showed that there were changes in the composition of the mucosa-associated microbiota in subjects after colonic lavage. These changes were not observed in our control groups. Standard bowel preparation altered the diversity of mucosa-associated microbiota. Taxonomic classification did not reveal significant changes at the phylum level, but there were differences observed at the genus level. Conclusion: Standard bowel cleansing preparation altered the mucosal-adherent microbiota in all of our subjects, although the degree of change was variable. These findings underscore the importance of considering the confounding effects of bowel preparation when designing experiments exploring the gut microbiota.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere32545
JournalPLoS One
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2012
Externally publishedYes

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sigmoidoscopy
Sigmoidoscopy
Therapeutic Irrigation
Microbiota
colon
Colon
Control Groups
mucosa
Mucous Membrane
intestinal microorganisms
liquid diet
DNA libraries
Biopsy
Cloning
Nutrition
polyethylene glycol
Polymorphism
rRNA Genes
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms
Libraries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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Standard colonic lavage alters the natural state of mucosal-associated microbiota in the human colon. / Raffals, Laura E. H.; Wang, Yunwei; Antonopoulos, Dionysios; Young, Vincent; Lichtenstein, Lev; Huang, Yong; Hanauer, Stephen; Chang, Eugene.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 7, No. 2, e32545, 28.02.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Raffals, LEH, Wang, Y, Antonopoulos, D, Young, V, Lichtenstein, L, Huang, Y, Hanauer, S & Chang, E 2012, 'Standard colonic lavage alters the natural state of mucosal-associated microbiota in the human colon', PLoS One, vol. 7, no. 2, e32545. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032545
Raffals, Laura E. H. ; Wang, Yunwei ; Antonopoulos, Dionysios ; Young, Vincent ; Lichtenstein, Lev ; Huang, Yong ; Hanauer, Stephen ; Chang, Eugene. / Standard colonic lavage alters the natural state of mucosal-associated microbiota in the human colon. In: PLoS One. 2012 ; Vol. 7, No. 2.
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