Stability of the arch of the foot

Harold B. Kitaoka, Tae Kun Ahn, Zong Ping Luo, Kai Nan An

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We defined the relative contributions of six ligaments in stabilizing the arch of the foot: plantar aponeurosis, long-short plantar ligaments, plantar calcaneonavicular ligament (spring ligament), medial talocalcaneal ligament, talocalcaneal interosseous ligament, and tibionavicular portion of the deltoid ligament. Nineteen fresh-frozen human foot specimens were used. A load of 445 N was applied axially to simulate standing-at-ease posture. Three-dimensional positions of tarsal bones before and after ligament sectioning were determined with the use of a magnetic tracking device. The motions were presented in the form of screw axis displacements, quantitating rotation, and axis of rotation orientation. After sectioning one structure, the arch did not collapse on any specimen and there was no obvious change by visual inspection. There were, however, measurable changes in tamar bone position. Metstarsal-to-talus total rotation difference was greatest with spring ligament and deltoid ligament sectioning, with an average of 2.1°± 1.7°and 2.0°± 0.2°difference, respectively. Calcane-us-to-talus rotation difference was greatest with talocalcaneal interosseous ligament sectioning, with an average of 1.7°± 1.5°. The spring ligament, deltoid ligament, and talocalcaneal interosseous ligament were most important for arch stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)644-648
Number of pages5
JournalFoot and Ankle International
Volume18
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1997

Fingerprint

Ligaments
Foot
Talus
Tarsal Bones
Posture
Bone and Bones
Equipment and Supplies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Kitaoka, H. B., Ahn, T. K., Luo, Z. P., & An, K. N. (1997). Stability of the arch of the foot. Foot and Ankle International, 18(10), 644-648.

Stability of the arch of the foot. / Kitaoka, Harold B.; Ahn, Tae Kun; Luo, Zong Ping; An, Kai Nan.

In: Foot and Ankle International, Vol. 18, No. 10, 10.1997, p. 644-648.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kitaoka, HB, Ahn, TK, Luo, ZP & An, KN 1997, 'Stability of the arch of the foot', Foot and Ankle International, vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 644-648.
Kitaoka HB, Ahn TK, Luo ZP, An KN. Stability of the arch of the foot. Foot and Ankle International. 1997 Oct;18(10):644-648.
Kitaoka, Harold B. ; Ahn, Tae Kun ; Luo, Zong Ping ; An, Kai Nan. / Stability of the arch of the foot. In: Foot and Ankle International. 1997 ; Vol. 18, No. 10. pp. 644-648.
@article{2d450ac0577a48829f5e46c0019e5708,
title = "Stability of the arch of the foot",
abstract = "We defined the relative contributions of six ligaments in stabilizing the arch of the foot: plantar aponeurosis, long-short plantar ligaments, plantar calcaneonavicular ligament (spring ligament), medial talocalcaneal ligament, talocalcaneal interosseous ligament, and tibionavicular portion of the deltoid ligament. Nineteen fresh-frozen human foot specimens were used. A load of 445 N was applied axially to simulate standing-at-ease posture. Three-dimensional positions of tarsal bones before and after ligament sectioning were determined with the use of a magnetic tracking device. The motions were presented in the form of screw axis displacements, quantitating rotation, and axis of rotation orientation. After sectioning one structure, the arch did not collapse on any specimen and there was no obvious change by visual inspection. There were, however, measurable changes in tamar bone position. Metstarsal-to-talus total rotation difference was greatest with spring ligament and deltoid ligament sectioning, with an average of 2.1°± 1.7°and 2.0°± 0.2°difference, respectively. Calcane-us-to-talus rotation difference was greatest with talocalcaneal interosseous ligament sectioning, with an average of 1.7°± 1.5°. The spring ligament, deltoid ligament, and talocalcaneal interosseous ligament were most important for arch stability.",
author = "Kitaoka, {Harold B.} and Ahn, {Tae Kun} and Luo, {Zong Ping} and An, {Kai Nan}",
year = "1997",
month = "10",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "644--648",
journal = "Foot and Ankle International",
issn = "1071-1007",
publisher = "AOFAS - American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stability of the arch of the foot

AU - Kitaoka, Harold B.

AU - Ahn, Tae Kun

AU - Luo, Zong Ping

AU - An, Kai Nan

PY - 1997/10

Y1 - 1997/10

N2 - We defined the relative contributions of six ligaments in stabilizing the arch of the foot: plantar aponeurosis, long-short plantar ligaments, plantar calcaneonavicular ligament (spring ligament), medial talocalcaneal ligament, talocalcaneal interosseous ligament, and tibionavicular portion of the deltoid ligament. Nineteen fresh-frozen human foot specimens were used. A load of 445 N was applied axially to simulate standing-at-ease posture. Three-dimensional positions of tarsal bones before and after ligament sectioning were determined with the use of a magnetic tracking device. The motions were presented in the form of screw axis displacements, quantitating rotation, and axis of rotation orientation. After sectioning one structure, the arch did not collapse on any specimen and there was no obvious change by visual inspection. There were, however, measurable changes in tamar bone position. Metstarsal-to-talus total rotation difference was greatest with spring ligament and deltoid ligament sectioning, with an average of 2.1°± 1.7°and 2.0°± 0.2°difference, respectively. Calcane-us-to-talus rotation difference was greatest with talocalcaneal interosseous ligament sectioning, with an average of 1.7°± 1.5°. The spring ligament, deltoid ligament, and talocalcaneal interosseous ligament were most important for arch stability.

AB - We defined the relative contributions of six ligaments in stabilizing the arch of the foot: plantar aponeurosis, long-short plantar ligaments, plantar calcaneonavicular ligament (spring ligament), medial talocalcaneal ligament, talocalcaneal interosseous ligament, and tibionavicular portion of the deltoid ligament. Nineteen fresh-frozen human foot specimens were used. A load of 445 N was applied axially to simulate standing-at-ease posture. Three-dimensional positions of tarsal bones before and after ligament sectioning were determined with the use of a magnetic tracking device. The motions were presented in the form of screw axis displacements, quantitating rotation, and axis of rotation orientation. After sectioning one structure, the arch did not collapse on any specimen and there was no obvious change by visual inspection. There were, however, measurable changes in tamar bone position. Metstarsal-to-talus total rotation difference was greatest with spring ligament and deltoid ligament sectioning, with an average of 2.1°± 1.7°and 2.0°± 0.2°difference, respectively. Calcane-us-to-talus rotation difference was greatest with talocalcaneal interosseous ligament sectioning, with an average of 1.7°± 1.5°. The spring ligament, deltoid ligament, and talocalcaneal interosseous ligament were most important for arch stability.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030862595&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030862595&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9347302

AN - SCOPUS:0030862595

VL - 18

SP - 644

EP - 648

JO - Foot and Ankle International

JF - Foot and Ankle International

SN - 1071-1007

IS - 10

ER -