SpO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf> ratio on hospital admission is an indicator of early acute respiratory distress syndrome development among patients at risk

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Abstract

Purpose: Oxygen saturation to fraction of inspired oxygen ratio (SpO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf>) has been validated as a surrogate marker for partial pressure of oxygen to fraction of inspired oxygen ratio among mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The validity of SpO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf> measurements in predicting ARDS has not been studied. Recently, a Lung Injury Prediction Score (LIPS) has been developed to help identify patients at risk of developing ARDS. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the LIPS-1 cohort. A multivariate logistic regression included all established variables for LIPS, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation 2, age, and comorbid conditions that could affect SpO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf>. The primary outcome was development of ARDS in the hospital. The secondary outcomes included hospital mortality, hospital day of ARDS development, and hospital day of death. Results: Of the 5584 patients, we evaluated all 4646 with recorded SpO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf> values. Median SpO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf> in those who did and did not develop ARDS was 254 (100, 438) and 452 (329, 467), respectively. There was a significant association between SpO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf> and ARDS (P <.001). The SpO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf> was found to be an independent predictor of ARDS in a ''dosedependent'' manner; for SpO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf> < 100-odds ratios (OR) 2.49 (1.69-3.64, P < .001), for SpO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf> 100 < 200-OR 1.75 (1.16-2.58, P = .007), and for SpO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf> 200 300-OR 1.62 (1.06-2.42, P = .025). The discriminatory characteristics of the multivariable model and SpO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf> as a single variable demonstrated area under the curve (AUC) of 0.81 and AUC of 0.74, respectively. Conclusions: The SpO<inf>2</inf>/FiO<inf>2</inf>, measured within the first 6 hours after hospital admission, is an independent indicator of ARDS development among patients at risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-216
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Intensive Care Medicine
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 8 2015

Keywords

  • admission
  • ARDS
  • oxygenation
  • prediction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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