Splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) is an indolent lymphoproliferative disease accounting for approximately 1% of all lymphomas. SMZL presents with marked splenomegaly, and often accompanied by circulating atypical 'villous lymphocytes' and is also known as splenic lymphoma with villous lymphocytes. Histologically, the spleen in SMZL is characterised by a nodular infiltrate based on pre-existing white pulp but also involving the red pulp. Within the white pulp, the infiltrate has a biphasic morphology comprising an inner zone of small lymphocytes and a peripheral (marginal) zone of larger lymphoid cells. Usually the splenic lymph nodes and bone marrow are also involved by a vaguely nodular infiltrate of similar nature. Immunophenotypically, the tumor cells has a mature B-cell phenotype and frequently express IgM and IgD but typically lack CD5, CD23, CD43, CD10, Bcl-6 and cyclin D1. Analysis of immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene variable regions suggest that some cases of SMZL arise form postfollicular B cells but others from naïve B cells. Genetic studies have shown abnormalities of a number of chromosomes however 7q31-32 allelic loss appears to be characteristic. Histological differential diagnosis include a number of entities such as lymphoid hyperplasias, other marginal zone lymphomas, mantle cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, and B-CLL.
- Marginal zone lymphoma
- Splenic lymphoma with villous lymphocytes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine