Spirituality during alcoholism treatment and continuous abstinence for one year

Katherine M. Piderman, Terry D. Schneekloth, V. Shane Pankratz, Susanna R. Stevens, Steven I. Altchuler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The primary aim of this prospective study was to examine the role of several aspects of spirituality in maintaining abstinence from alcohol for one year in persons treated for alcohol dependence. The roles of alcohol abstinence self-efficacy and Alcoholics Anonymous affiliation were also examined. Method: Seventy-four adults with alcohol dependence who had completed a three-week outpatient addiction program participated in this study. Instruments used included the Spiritual Well-Being Scale, Duke Religion Index, Brief Religious Coping Scale, Alcohol Abstinence Self-Efficacy Scale, and Alcoholics Anonymous Affiliation Scale. Abstinence data was collected from participants and collaterals three, six, and twelve months after treatment discharge. Demographics, discharge measures, and the change in scores from admission to discharge were compared between those with and without 12-month alcohol abstinence using logistic regression or Fisher's exact tests. Results: Twenty-eight participants were categorized as continuously abstinent for one year. The strongest associations between 12 month abstinence and the variables of interest were discharge scores of abstinence self-efficacy and existential well-being, and increases during treatment in scores of private spiritual practices. Increased age demonstrated a significant association with positive outcome. Conclusion: The associations of private spiritual practices, existential well-being, and abstinence self-efficacy with one year of continuous abstinence following treatment discharge suggest the importance of addressing issues related to these variables during alcoholism treatment. More research is needed to understand the role of these variables in promoting and maintaining abstinence and to determine whether or not a related intervention would improve abstinence rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-406
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Alcohol Abstinence
Spirituality
Self Efficacy
Alcoholism
Alcoholics Anonymous
Private Practice
Religion
Therapeutics
Outpatients
Logistic Models
Demography
Prospective Studies
Research

Keywords

  • Abstinence self-efficacy
  • Alcoholism
  • Existential well-being
  • Meditation
  • Prayer
  • Spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Piderman, K. M., Schneekloth, T. D., Pankratz, V. S., Stevens, S. R., & Altchuler, S. I. (2008). Spirituality during alcoholism treatment and continuous abstinence for one year. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 38(4), 391-406. https://doi.org/10.2190/PM.38.4.a

Spirituality during alcoholism treatment and continuous abstinence for one year. / Piderman, Katherine M.; Schneekloth, Terry D.; Pankratz, V. Shane; Stevens, Susanna R.; Altchuler, Steven I.

In: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, Vol. 38, No. 4, 2008, p. 391-406.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Piderman, KM, Schneekloth, TD, Pankratz, VS, Stevens, SR & Altchuler, SI 2008, 'Spirituality during alcoholism treatment and continuous abstinence for one year', International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 391-406. https://doi.org/10.2190/PM.38.4.a
Piderman, Katherine M. ; Schneekloth, Terry D. ; Pankratz, V. Shane ; Stevens, Susanna R. ; Altchuler, Steven I. / Spirituality during alcoholism treatment and continuous abstinence for one year. In: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. 2008 ; Vol. 38, No. 4. pp. 391-406.
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