Sperm antioxidant biomarkers and their correlation with clinical condition and lifestyle with regard to male reproductive potential

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Abstract

Measurement of sperm oxidative-antioxidant indicators is widely used in the assessment and detection of biochemical causes of male infertility The main purpose of this study was to identify biomarkers that assist in diagnostics and monitoring of male reproductive potential. We performed the assessment of oxidative-antioxidant malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), and total redox antioxidant potential (TRAP) indicators in seminal plasma, seminogram, clinical condition, and lifestyle of people with reproductive problems. The combined assessment of GSH and TRAP as potential biomarkers of male infertility in semen plasma was characterized by the highest total sensitivity and specificity. Furthermore, we provide evidence that male reproductive potential is significantly correlated with basic sperm parameters, sperm cell membrane integrity, their morphology, lifestyle, eating habits, occupation, and mental health. Our results provide evidence on the importance of oxidative stress and defense against free radicals in diagnosing and monitoring men with infertility that are consistent with previously conducted research. We provide an alternative approach on the possibility of interpreting the combination of the biomarkers that can bring benefits to a multi-threaded approach to the diagnosis and treatment of male infertility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1785
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Antioxidant potential
  • Male infertility
  • Oxidative stress
  • Reduced glutathione

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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