### Abstract

PURPOSE: To test a neural network in differentiation of benign from malignant solitary pulmonary nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Neural networks were trained and tested on the characteristics of 318 nodules. Predictive accuracy of the network was judged for calibration and discrimination. Network results were compared with those with a simpler Bayesian method. RESULTS: The Brier score was 0.142 (calibration, 0.003; discrimination, 0.139) for the neural network and 0.133 for the Bayesian analysis (calibration, 0.012; discrimination, 0.121). Analysis of the calibration curve revealed no significant difference (P < .05) between the slope (b = 1.09) and the line of identity (b = 1) for the neural network or the Bayesian analysis. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.871 for the neural network and 0.894 for the Bayesian analysis (P < .05). There were 23 and 21 false-positive predictions and 18 and six false-negative predictions for the neural network and Bayesian analysis, respectively. CONCLUSION: The Bayesian method was better than the neural network in prediction of probability of malignancy in solitary pulmonary nodules.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 823-829 |

Number of pages | 7 |

Journal | Radiology |

Volume | 196 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Sep 1995 |

### Keywords

- Computers, diagnostic aid
- Computers, neural network
- Lung neoplasms, diagnosis
- Lung, nodule

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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## Cite this

*Radiology*,

*196*(3), 823-829. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.196.3.7644650