Sodium nitroprusside-induced apoptotic cellular death via production of hydrogen peroxide in murine neuroblastoma N1E-115 cells

Misa Yamada, Kazutaka Momose, Elliott Richelson, Mitsuhiko Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sodium nitroprusside is widely used in pharmacological studies as a potent vasodilator or a nitric oxide donor. The mechanisms of cellular death induced by sodium nitroprusside were investigated in murine neuroblastoma N1E-115 cells. Sodium nitroprusside reduced the cellular viability, and the DNA extracted from treated cells showed a ladder-like intranucleosomal fragmentation pattern, which is an indication of apoptosis. The DNA fragmentations were also visualized by in situ nick translation. The cellular death was attenuated by cycloheximide, indicating that ongoing protein synthesis was essential for the initiation of the degenerative response. However, other nitric oxide donors did not decrease the cellular viability. The nitric oxide scavenger, hemoglobin, had no effect on sodium nitroprusside-induced cellular death. Furthermore, sodium cyanide, which is formed by the metabolism of sodium nitroprusside, did not cause cellular death. On the other hand, hydrogen peroxide, another product of sodium nitroprusside metabolism, reduced the cellular viability and induced DNA fragmentation. In addition, the cell damage induced by sodium nitroprusside was enhanced by a medium without fetal bovine serum. In conclusion, we proposed that hydrogen peroxide is the important toxic species for induction of apoptosis in N1E-115 cells exposed to sodium nitroprusside.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-17
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1996

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Nitric oxide
  • Sodium nitroprusside

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology

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