Sodium iodide symporter-mediated radioiodide imaging and therapy of ovarian tumor xenografts in mice

R. M. Dwyer, E. R. Bergert, M. K. O'Connor, S. J. Gendler, John C. Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ovarian cancer represents the fifth leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States, with >16 000 deaths expected this year. This study was carried out to investigate the potential of sodium iodide symporter (NIS)-mediated radioiodide therapy as a novel approach for ovarian cancer treatment. Radioiodide is routinely and effectively used for the treatment of benign and malignant thyroid disease as a result of native thyroidal expression of NIS, which mediates iodide uptake. In vitro gene transfer studies in ovarian cancer cells revealed a 12- and five-fold increase in iodide uptake when transduced with Ad/CMV/NIS or Ad/MUC1/NIS, respectively. Western blot/immunohistochemistry confirmed NIS protein expression. In vivo ovarian tumor xenografts were infected with the adenoviral constructs. 123I imaging revealed a clear image of the CMV/NIS-transduced tumor, with a less intense image apparent following infection with MUC1/NIS. Therapeutic doses of 131I following CMV/NIS infection caused a mean 53% reduction in tumor volume (P<0.0001). MUC1/NIS-transduced tumors did not regress, although at 8 weeks following therapy, tumor volume was significantly less that of control animals (166 versus 332%, respectively, P<0.05). This study represents a promising first step investigating the potential for NIS-mediated radioiodide imaging and therapy of ovarian tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-66
Number of pages7
JournalGene Therapy
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006

Keywords

  • MUC1
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Radioiodine
  • Sodium iodide symporter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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