Snail contributes to the maintenance of stem cell-like phenotype cells in human pancreatic cancer

Wei Zhou, Ran Lv, Weilin Qi, Di Wu, Yunyun Xu, Wei Liu, Yiping Mou, Liewei M Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Snail, a potent repressor of E-cadherin expression, plays a key role in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in epithelial cancer. Recently, EMT and stemness programs are found linked together. In the current study, the expression of Snail and its contribution to cancer stem cell (CSC) marker expression, invasiveness, self-renewal, clonogenicity, and tumorigenicity of pancreatic cancer cells were studied. Our results showed that Snail was highly expressed in CSChigh cell line Panc-1. Stable, short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated Snail knockdown decreased invasion in Panc-1 cells, in line with increased E-cadherin expression and its translocation from the nucleus to the membrane. Snail silencing in Panc-1 also inhibited CSC marker ALDH expression, together with decreased sphere and colony forming capacity, which was highly consistent with the expression of stem cell associated transcription factors like Sox2 and Oct4. In mouse xenograft models, knockdown of Snail led to a reduced number of tumor-bearing mice and a reduced average size of tumors, which had a stronger membrane staining of E-cadherin and lighter staining of Oct4. Collectively, these findings implicate Snail is required for the maintenance of stem cell-like phenotype in pancreatic cancer, and inhibition of Snail could be an efficient strategy to treat pancreatic cancer by targeting CSCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere87409
JournalPLoS One
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 29 2014

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pancreatic neoplasms
Cadherins
Stem cells
Pancreatic Neoplasms
snails
stem cells
Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
Stem Cells
Neoplastic Stem Cells
Maintenance
Phenotype
phenotype
Staining and Labeling
cadherins
Tumors
Cell Line
Neoplasms
Bearings (structural)
Membranes
Cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Snail contributes to the maintenance of stem cell-like phenotype cells in human pancreatic cancer. / Zhou, Wei; Lv, Ran; Qi, Weilin; Wu, Di; Xu, Yunyun; Liu, Wei; Mou, Yiping; Wang, Liewei M.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 9, No. 1, e87409, 29.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhou, Wei ; Lv, Ran ; Qi, Weilin ; Wu, Di ; Xu, Yunyun ; Liu, Wei ; Mou, Yiping ; Wang, Liewei M. / Snail contributes to the maintenance of stem cell-like phenotype cells in human pancreatic cancer. In: PLoS One. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.
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