Smoking cessation following treatment in a smoke-free navy alcohol rehabilitation program

Christi A. Patten, John E. Martin, C. Richard Hofstetter, Sandra A. Brown, Nancy Kim, Carl Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to examine changes in smoking behavior and attitudes following treatment in the smoke-free Navy Alcohol Rehabilitation program (NARC) and to evaluate changes in staff attitudes toward the smoke- free policy. Consecutive patients (N = 404; 93.8% male) admitted to the NARC between February 1, 1993 and September 30, 1993 were studied, of whom 54.7% were current smokers. Measures included patient surveys administered repeatedly at admission and discharge and at 12 months following the 4-week treatment program. The staff were also administered a survey 2 months before (N = 86) and 6 months after (N = 104) policy implementation. Results indicate that alcohol treatment in a smoke-free environment did not markedly affect the smoking status of patients; the proportion of current smokers at discharge was 54.7%. Significant reductions in cigarettes smoked per day (p < .001) were observed among patients from admission to discharge. However, no statistically significant change in readiness to consider smoking cessation scores was detected. Results indicated no significant change in patient smoking status at 12-month follow-up, although the survey response rate was low (35.1%; N = 142). Six months following implementation of the smoke-free policy, 84.6% of staff indicated that the NARC should remain smoke-free and 84.6% recommended that other alcohol and drug treatment facilities be smoke- free.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-69
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1999


  • Alcohol dependence
  • Alcohol treatment
  • Smoke-free policy
  • Smoking
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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