Smoking cessation following a cardiac rehabilitation program

Christi A. Patten, Barbara K. Bruce, Richard D. Hurt, Kenneth P. Offord, Thomas G. Allison, Lisa R. Clemensen, Gerald T. Gau

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

A substantial number of patients continue to smoke following a cardiac event or procedure. The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the smoking cessation rate of 100 patients (86 males, 14 females) who were cigarette smokers at the time of their cardiac event or procedure and were participants in a 3-month comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program. Follow-up data on smoking status were collected at 3, 6, and 9-months after completion of the program. Smoking status was assessed by patient self- report as recorded in the medical record (N = 51) or by mailed questionnaire or telephone interview (N = 49). Follow-up was complete on all but 3 patients. The self-reported smoking cessation rate at 9-month follow-up (12- months post-cardiac event/procedure) was 67%. On multivariate analysis, smoking cessation was more likely if patients were lighter smokers (< 1 pack/day), had lower psychological distress scores, greater hostility scores, and greater symptom total scores on the Symptom Checklist-Revised (SCL-90-R) at admission to cardiac rehabilitation. A comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program appears to be well positioned to have a beneficial role in smoking cessation following a cardiac event or procedure. Clinical and research efforts should be made toward improving the rate of smoking cessation in cardiac patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-176
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community
Volume13
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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