Smoking and:Respiratory illness in military recruits

Richard B. Pollard, Lee J. Melton, Dennis F. Hoeffier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of smoking on respiratory illness was investigated at a naval recruit camp. All recruits entering training during an 11-month period, beginning in 1971, were included in the study. Questionnaires in regard to smoking habits were administered on arrival and during the last week of training. Facts of illness were obtained from each recruit's health record during the last week of training and abstracted onto electronic accounting machine (EAM) cards; Data on a sample of 1,100 men, who had complete records, were analyzed. Two thirds of the men were smokers on arrival. Heavy smokers had a longer history of smoking. The majority of recruits decreased smoking during training. Significantly more heavy smokers than light smokers or nonsmokers had symptoms of chronic respiratory involvement. No statistically significant increases in respiratory Illness were observed in smokers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)533-537
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Environmental Health
Volume30
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1975

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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