Slow axonal transport in experimental hypoxia and in neuropathy induced by p-bromophenylacetylurea

H. Nagata, S. Brimijoin, P. Low, J. D. Schmelzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The slow axonal transport of proteins radiolabeled by incorporation of [35S]methionine was studied in motor nerves of rats subjected to chronic hypoxia. The conditions involved exposure to an atmosphere of 8-10% oxygen for periods of 3, 5, or 10 weeks. An experimentally verified computer model predicted a drop in mean endoneurial oxygen tension from 30.5 to 19 mm Hg, despite a measured increase in circulating hemoglobin from 16 to 22 g%. Nerve conduction velocity was unaffected during the early stages of hypoxia. After 10 weeks of hypoxia, conduction velocity still appeared normal in the sciatic nerve but was reduced in the caudal nerve by 2.5-4.5 m/s. At no time, however, was there evidence of impaired slow axonal transport, which proceded with a mean velocity between 1 and 2 mm/day. Another set of experiments was performed to evaluate slow axonal transport in motor nerves of rats with peripheral neuropathy induced by the toxicant, p-bromophenylacetylurea. The results suggested a lower transport velocity in rats showing total hindlimb paralysis as compared with rats showing only mild to moderate motor dysfunction. The difference, however, could have reflected accelerated transport in mild neuropathy. In our view, the observations in experimental hypoxia- and toxicant-induced neuropathy are noteworthy for the resistance of slow transport to perturbation of the neuronal environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-326
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research
Volume422
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 6 1987

Keywords

  • Experimental Neuropathy
  • Hypoxia
  • Ischemic conduction failure
  • Nerve conduction velocity
  • Slow axonal transport
  • p-Bromophenylacetylurea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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