Sleep disturbances in myotonic dystrophy type 2

Paul Shepard, Erek M. Lam, Erik K. St. Louis, Jacob Dominik

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sleep disorders in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) are common and include sleep-disordered breathing, hypersomnia, and fatigue. Little is known regarding the occurrence of sleep disturbance in myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2). We hypothesized that DM2 patients may frequently harbor sleep disorders. We reviewed medical records of all genetically confirmed cases of DM2 seen at our sleep center between 1997 and 2010 for demographic, laboratory, overnight oximetry, and polysomnography (PSG) data. Eight patients (5 women, 3 men) with DM2 were identified. Excessive daytime sleepiness was seen in 6 patients (75%), insomnia in 5 (62.5%), and excessive fatigue in 4 (50%). Obstructive sleep apnea was diagnosed in 3 of 5 patients (60%) studied with PSG. Respiratory muscle weakness was present in all 6 patients (100%) who received pulmonary function testing. Four of 8 (50%) met criteria for diagnosis of restless legs syndrome. The clinical spectrum of DM2 may include a wide range of sleep disturbances. Although respiratory muscle weakness was frequent, sustained sleep-related hypoxia suggestive of hypoventilation was not seen in our patients. Further prospective studies are needed to examine the frequency and scope of sleep disturbances in DM2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-380
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Neurology
Volume68
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • DM2
  • EDS
  • Excessive daytime sleepiness
  • Fatigue
  • Myotonic dystrophy type 2
  • OSA
  • RLS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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