Sleep Disorders and Systemic Disease

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Normal sleep quality and quantity are necessary for optimal functioning and emotional and physical well being. Sleep problems associated with systemic disorders frequently disrupt initiation and maintenance of sleep, or cause symptoms of excessive daytime sleepiness or parasomnia behavior. Restless legs may result from iron deficiency, renal insufficiency, or pregnancy. Sleep-disordered breathing is frequently caused by cardiac and pulmonary disorders, and cancer and chronic pain disorders frequently disrupt sleep, resulting in insomnia and symptoms of fatigue and daytime sleepiness. This chapter reviews sleep-related symptoms and disorders associated with systemic disorders involving endocrine, pain, cardiac, pulmonary, renal, oncologic, and paraneoplastic, infectious, critical illness, and drug and toxin exposure, and discusses appropriate diagnostic evaluation and treatment approaches to sleep disorders in patients with systemic disease. Recognition of the frequency and morbidity of sleep disorders is growing, and comprehensive care of neurological patients requires that practitioners consider and address disordered sleep in their patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeurological Disorders due to Systemic Disease
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages261-281
Number of pages21
ISBN (Print)9781444335576
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 24 2013

Keywords

  • Apnea
  • Deprivation
  • Hypersomnia
  • Hypoventilation
  • Insomnia
  • Iron deficiency
  • Parasomnia
  • Periodic limb movement disorder
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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  • Cite this

    St Louis, E. K. (2013). Sleep Disorders and Systemic Disease. In Neurological Disorders due to Systemic Disease (pp. 261-281). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118414019.ch15