Background: Little is known about skin-related complications in Klippel–Trenaunay syndrome (KTS), a complex vascular anomaly defined by capillary malformation (CM), venous malformation (VM) ± lymphatic malformation (LM) and limb overgrowth. Reported skin-related complications of KTS include ulceration, vascular ectasias (blebs), bleeding and infection. Objective: To determine the spectrum, prevalence and predictors of skin-related complications in KTS. Methods: A retrospective review of 410 patients fulfilling KTS criteria was performed to assess for the presence of skin-related complications. Results: Skin-related complications were present in 45% of patients. Most prevalent were CM-related complications including blebs, bleeding, thickening (25%), cellulitis (22%) and ulceration (21%). Features positively associated with skin-related complications were presence of LM (OR 17.17; P < 0.001), VM on the buttocks/perineum/genitalia (OR 1.92; P = 0.009), CM on the feet (OR 1.77; P = 0.039) and male sex (OR 1.63; P = 0.034). Features negatively associated with skin-related complications were CM on the trunk (OR 0.59; P = 0.029) and tissue hypertrophy of the hands (OR 0.27; P = 0.025). Conclusion: Skin-related complications affect nearly half of patients with KTS. Those with lymphatic involvement or malformation presence in the undergarment area or feet are most at risk.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases