Size identification of underwater objects from backscattering signals of arbitrary looking angles

W. Li, G. R. Liu, X. M. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The inverse problem of determining the size, shape and orientation of a submerged object using the scattered field data is studied. Based on the physical optics approximate, the profile function of the object is found directly proportional to its ramp response that is the second integral of the impulse response. Through analyzing the feature of the ramp response in different computed frequency ranges, it is found that the low-frequency data are essential to the shape of the underwater object while the high-frequency data are very important to the size of the object. Therefore, when employing the high-frequency data to compute the ramp response, the edge of the object can only be highlighted in the illuminated region at certain aspect. Based on this finding, a new method is developed to estimate the size of underwater objects. The present method uses different frequency ranges to determine different parameters of the underwater objects so as to achieve the best accuracy. A number of examples are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the present method in using the ramp response technique to identify the size of both rigid and elastic bodies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-317
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Computational Acoustics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2004


  • Backscattering frequency spectrum
  • Inverse problem
  • Profile function
  • Ramp response
  • Size determination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Applied Mathematics


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