SIRT2 regulates ciliogenesis and contributes to abnormal centrosome amplification caused by loss of polycystin-1

Xia Zhou, Lucy X. Fan, Keguo Li, Ramani Ramchandran, James P. Calvet, Xiaogang Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanisms underlying many of the human disease phenotypes associated with ciliary dysfunction and abnormal centrosome amplification have yet to be fully elucidated. Here, we present for the first time that SIRT2, a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylase, regulates ciliogenesis and centrosome amplification. Overexpression of SIRT2 in renal epithelial cells appeared to disrupt cilia formation, causing decreased numbers of cells with cilia and decreased cilia length, while inhibition of SIRT2 activity by nicotinamide treatment or knockdown of SIRT2 with siRNA was shown to block cilia disassembly during the cell cycle. Overexpression of SIRT2 in zebrafish decreased cilia numbers in Kupffer's vesicle, while morpholino knock down of SIRT2 increased cilia length. Aberrant centrosome amplification and polyploidy were seen with overexpression of SIRT2 in mouse inner medullary collecting duct 3 cells, similar to that observed following Pkd1 knockdown. SIRT2 was up-regulated in both Pkd1 mutant and knockdown cells. Depletion of SIRT2 prevented the abnormal centrosome amplification and polyploidy associated with loss of polycystin-1 (PC1) alone. Thus, we conclude that the aberrant centrosome amplification and polyploidy in Pkd1 mutant or depleted cells was mediated through overexpression of SIRT2. Our results suggest a novel function of SIRT2 in cilia dynamics and centrosome function, and in ciliopathy-associated disease progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberddt556
Pages (from-to)1644-1655
Number of pages12
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Centrosome
Cilia
Polyploidy
Morpholinos
Niacinamide
Zebrafish
polycystic kidney disease 1 protein
NAD
Small Interfering RNA
Disease Progression
Cell Cycle
Cell Count
Epithelial Cells
Phenotype
Kidney

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

SIRT2 regulates ciliogenesis and contributes to abnormal centrosome amplification caused by loss of polycystin-1. / Zhou, Xia; Fan, Lucy X.; Li, Keguo; Ramchandran, Ramani; Calvet, James P.; Li, Xiaogang.

In: Human Molecular Genetics, Vol. 23, No. 6, ddt556, 01.03.2014, p. 1644-1655.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhou, Xia ; Fan, Lucy X. ; Li, Keguo ; Ramchandran, Ramani ; Calvet, James P. ; Li, Xiaogang. / SIRT2 regulates ciliogenesis and contributes to abnormal centrosome amplification caused by loss of polycystin-1. In: Human Molecular Genetics. 2014 ; Vol. 23, No. 6. pp. 1644-1655.
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