Background: Biomechanical changes that persist after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may impact short- and long-term outcomes. Understanding the relationship of biomechanics during a dynamic task and patient reported function can better identify patients who are most vulnerable to sub-optimal long-term outcomes, such as osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to determine whether hip and knee biomechanics during single-leg hop landing were significantly correlated with the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), and whether symptomatic knees displayed altered biomechanics relative to asymptomatic knees. Methods: Hip and knee biomechanics during the landing phase of a single-leg hop of thirty subjects with ACLR were analyzed. Subjects were also classified as symptomatic or asymptomatic based on their KOOS results. Correlation analyses and group comparisons between symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects were conducted. Findings: KOOS Symptoms, Pain, and Sport subscales were significantly correlated with frontal and sagittal plane hip and knee biomechanics. Furthermore, those with symptomatic knees demonstrated greater hip and knee flexion angles, and greater hip flexion moments. Interpretation: These results indicate that biomechanics associated with ACLR during a single-leg hop are correlated with worse KOOS outcomes. However, these correlations may be due to symptoms of the recovery from ACLR rather than those of OA. The results of this study may help to identify rehabilitation opportunities for patients at risk for worse long-term outcomes after ACLR.
- Single-leg hop
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine