Purpose: The survival of patients with local-regional adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or esophagogastric junction (EGJ) treated with preoperative chemoradiation is much better in patients with pathologic complete response than those with residual tumor. Some adenocarcinomas have mixed patterns, including signet-ring cell and mucinous histology, but the clinical significance of these subtypes is unknown. Experimental Design: We studied 412 consecutive patients with esophageal or EGJ adenocarcinoma treated with chemoradiation followed by esophagectomy (193 patients) or surgery alone (219 patients). We evaluated signet-ring cell and mucinous histology in the resection and pretherapy biopsy specimens and compared clinicopathologic features with overall survival. Results: The fraction of signet-ring cell and mucinous histology was similar in evaluated specimens of patients treated with preoperative chemoradiation or surgery alone (17% and 18%, respectively). The overall survival rate at 5 years of patients treated with preoperative chemoradiation was significantly better if residual signet-ring cell or mucinous histology was present in the esophagectomy specimen (63% versus 28%; P = 0.02). All 13 patients with acellular mucin pools and no residual carcinoma are still alive after an average follow-up time of 36 months. By contrast, in patients treated with surgery alone, overall survival rate was significantly worse if signet-ring cell or mucinous histology was present (14% versus 30%; P = 0.05). In multivariate analysis, overall survival was independently predicted by presence of signet-ring cell or mucinous histology (P = 0.04). Conclusions: Our study showed that patients with esophageal or EGJ adenocarcinoma who have signet-ring cell or mucinous histology benefited substantially from preoperative chemoradiation and esophagectomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research