Purpose: To report results of aflibercept therapy in eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration previously treated with bevacizumab, ranibizumab, or both. Design: Retrospective, interventional, noncomparative, consecutive case series. Methods: Ninety-six eyes from 85 patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration who previously had received bevacizumab, ranibizumab, or both were treated with aflibercept monthly for 3 months followed by a fourth injection within 2 months. Outcomes were determined 4 ± 1 months after the first aflibercept dose and included: proportion of patients gaining or losing 2 lines or more of best-corrected visual acuity, proportion remaining within a gain or loss of 1 line, mean change in logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution visual acuity, mean change in central foveal thickness, mean change in macular cube volume, and qualitative anatomic response as assessed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Results: At baseline, 82 (85%) eyes had signs of active exudation despite a mean of 17 previous anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections. At final visit, 82 (85%) remained stable within a gain or loss of 1 line, 7 (7%) gained 2 lines or more, and 7 (7%) lost 2 lines or more of best-corrected visual acuity. Mean logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution visual acuity showed minimal change 0.02 (range, -0.46 to 0.70; P =.14). Mean central foveal thickness decreased -18 μm (range, -242 to 198 μm; P =.06). Mean macular volume decreased -0.27 mm3 (95% confidence interval, -0.4 to -0.1 mm3; P =.004). On qualitative analysis, 4 (5%) eyes had complete resolution of exudative fluid, 40 (49%) showed partial resolution, 26 (32%) remained unchanged, and 12 (14%) showed worsened exudative fluid. Conclusions: Aflibercept seems to be an effective alternative for neovascular age-related macular degeneration patients previously treated with bevacizumab, ranibizumab, or both at 4 months of follow-up. Most treated eyes demonstrated stable visual acuity and anatomic improvements by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography.
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