Short-long sequences prior to ventricular tachycardia onset: Analysis of VAST trial electrograms

Jan Němec, Aiman El-Saed, Darin R. Lerew, Stacey Neuman, Samuel Asirvatham, Samir F. Saba, Win Kuang Shen, Paul A. Friedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

VAST Electrograms Analysis. Background: The recently published Ventricular Arrhythmia Suppression Trial (VAST) found no effect of rate-smoothing (RS) algorithm on frequency of ventricular tachycardia (VT) episodes in patients with implantable defibrillator. A similar recent trial reported an opposite result. In order to determine possible reasons for the discrepancy between the trials and achieve better understanding of events preceding VT onset, we analyzed stored device electrograms preceding 162 VT episodes from 50 VAST trial patients with dual-chamber devices. Results: In this analysis, short-long sequences were more common prior to polymorphic VTs than before monomorphic VTs. The proportion of VT episodes preceded by short-long sequences was lower during randomization to RS ON (5.3% vs 31.3%, P < 0.001). For patients with multiple episodes of monomorphic VT, there was higher interpatient than intrapatient variability in preceding RR intervals. When adjusting for this similarity of RR interval sequences preceding VT onset in individual patients, the difference in proportion short-long sequences between RS ON and RS OFF programming was no longer significant. Conclusion: Episodes of VT were preceded by stereotypic, patient-specific sequences of RR intervals in several VAST trial patients. RS reduced the percentage of VTs preceded by short-long sequences, but did not change overall VT incidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-550
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of cardiovascular electrophysiology
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Implantable defibrillator
  • Intracardiac electrogram
  • Rate-smoothing
  • Short-long sequence
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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