Short deceleration time of mitral inflow E velocity: Prognostic implication with atrial fibrillation versus sinus rhythm

D. G. Hurrell, J. K. Oh, D. W. Mahoney, Jr Miller, J. B. Seward

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47 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study retrospectively identified 367 patients who had restrictive physiology as defined by deceleration time ≤130 msec; 293 were in sinus rhythm (SR) (194 men and 99 women; mean age 64 ± 14 years) and 74 were in atrial fibrillation (AF) (51 men and 23 women; mean age 72 ± 11 years; p < 0.001). Both groups had similar underlying diagnoses and no significant difference in Doppler indices (E wave, 96 ± 23 vs 99 ± 22 cm/sec in SR and AF, respectively; deceleration time, 116 ± 12 vs 116 ± 13 msec; and left ventricular outflow tract time velocity integral, 14.8 ± 4.8 vs 14.5 ± 4.4 cm). Left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly lower in SR patients (29% ± 16% vs 39% ± 20%; p = 0.0003). There were 120 deaths (41%) in the SR group and 35 (47%) in the AF group (median follow-up for both groups, 2.2 years). Restrictive physiology as defined by Doppler echocardiography (deceleration time ≤130 msec) appears to predict a similar poor prognosis with AF as with SR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)450-457
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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