Shear wave elastography of the median nerve: A mechanical study

Verena J.M.M. Schrier, Jason Lin, Adriana Gregory, Andrew R. Thoreson, Azra Alizad, Peter C. Amadio, Mostafa Fatemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Shear wave elastography (SWE) shows promise in peripheral neuropathy evaluation but has potential limitations due to tissue size and heterogeneity. We tested SWE sensitivity to elasticity change and the effect of probe position in a median nerve cadaver model. Methods: Ten specimens were used to measure median nerve elasticity under increasing loads using SWE and indentation. Measurements were compared using repeated-measures analysis of variance. Results: Indentation and SWE-based longitudinal nerve elasticity increased with tensile loading (P <.01), showing a similar relationship. Acquisition in a transverse plane showed lower values compared with longitudinal measurements, mostly under higher loads (P =.03), as did postdissection elasticity (P =.02). Elasticity did not change when measured proximal to the carpal tunnel. Conclusions: Longitudinal SWE is sensitive to changes in median nerve elasticity. Measuring elasticity of peripheral nerves noninvasively could elucidate intra-neural pathology related to compression neuropathies, and proof to be of added value as a diagnostic or prognostic tool.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)826-833
Number of pages8
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • carpal tunnel syndrome
  • elastography
  • nerve elasticity
  • neurodynamics
  • peripheral neuropathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Physiology (medical)

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