Sexual dimorphism in the blood pressure response to angiotensin II in mice after angiotensin-converting enzyme blockade

Marcia Venegas-Pont, Julio C. Sartori-Valinotti, Porter H. Glover, Jane F. Reckelhoff, Michael J. Ryan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The incidence of hypertension and progression of renal disease are greater in men than in women. Data suggest that there is a dimorphic response to angiotensin II (Ang II) in rats, with male rats exhibiting a greater increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) than females. However, during endogenous renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition, female rats have a greater MAP response to Ang II. We tested whether female mice exhibit a greater MAP response to chronic Ang II during ACE inhibition. Methods Twenty-week-old male and female C57BL/6J mice (n≥ 6/group), treated with enalapril (40mg/kg/day in drinking water), were assigned to groups receiving either Ang II (800ng/kg/min) or saline for 2 weeks. Enalapril treatment began 4 days before and continued throughout the experiment. Results MAP was higher in male mice than female mice treated with enalapril and Ang II (male: 144 3±vs. female: 121±6mmHg, P≥ 0.05) and was not different between mice treated with enalapril alone (male: 99±3 vs. female: 100±3mmHg). F2-isoprostanes were not increased by Ang II; however, female mice had significantly higher levels than males. Renal cortical expression of catalase and Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD) was not different between experimental groups. Urinary protein was higher in male mice when compared to females, but was not changed after treatment with Ang II in either group. Conclusions These data suggest that there are species and sex-specific differences in the mechanism of the blood pressure response to Ang II, even during ACE inhibition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-96
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Hypertension
  • Renin-angiotensin system
  • Sexual dimorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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