BACKGROUND: TAILOR-PCI (Tailored Antiplatelet Initiation to Lessen Outcomes due to decreased Clopidogrel Response After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention) studied genotype-guided selection of antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention versus conventional therapy with clopidogrel. The presence of CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles in patients treated with clopidogrel may be associated with increased risk for ischemic events. We report a prespecified sex-specific analysis of genotyping and associated cardiovascular outcomes from this study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Associations between sex and major adverse cardiac events (MACE: cardiovascular death, myo-cardial infarction, stroke, stent thrombosis, and severe recurrent ischemia) and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) bleeding at 12 months were analyzed using Cox proportional-hazards models. Among 5276 randomized patients, loss-of-function carriers were observed in ≈36% of both sexes, and >80% of carriers were heterozygotes. At 12 months, after adjustment for baseline differences, risks of MACE (HR, 1.28 [0.97 to 1.68]; P=0.088) and BARC bleeding (hazard ratio [HR], 1.36 [0.91 to 2.05]; P=0.14) were comparable among women and men. There were no significant interactions between sex and treatment strategy for MACE interaction P value (Pint =0.59) or BARC bleeding (Pint =0.47) nor for sex and genotype (MACE Pint =0.15, and BARC bleeding Pint =0.60). CONCLUSIONS: CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles were present in ≈1 in 3 women and men. Women had similar adjusted risks of MACE and bleeding as men following percutaneous coronary intervention. Genotype-guided therapy did not significantly reduce the risk of MACE or bleeding relative to conventional therapy for both sexes.
- sex differences
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine