Background: There are limited sex-specific data on patients receiving temporary mechanical circulatory support (MCS) for acute myocardial infarction-cardiogenic shock (AMI-CS). Methods: All admissions with AMI-CS with MCS use were identified using the National Inpatient Sample from 2005 to 2016. Outcomes of interest included in-hospital mortality, discharge disposition, use of palliative care and do-not-resuscitate (DNR) status, and receipt of durable left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and cardiac transplantation. Results: In AMI-CS admissions during this 12-year period, MCS was used more frequently in men—50.4% vs 39.5%; P < 0.001. Of the 173,473 who received MCS (32% women), intra-aortic balloon pumps, percutaneous LVAD, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and ≥ 2 MCS devices were used in 92%, 4%, 1%, and 3%, respectively. Women were on average older (69 ± 12 vs 64 ± 13 years), of black race (10% vs 6%), and had more comorbidity (mean Charlson comorbidity index 5.0 ± 2.0 vs 4.5 ± 2.1). Women had higher in-hospital mortality than men (34% vs 29%, adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 1.19, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.16-1.23; P < 0.001) overall, in intra-aortic balloon pumps users (OR: 1.20 [95% CI: 1.16-1.23]; P < 0.001), and percutaneous LVAD users (OR: 1.75 [95% CI: 1.49-2.06]; P < 0.001), but not in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation or ≥ 2 MCS device users (P > 0.05). Women had higher use of palliative care, DNR status, and discharges to skilled nursing facilities. Conclusions: There are persistent sex disparities in the outcomes of AMI-CS admissions receiving MCS support. Women have higher in-hospital mortality, palliative care consultation, and use of DNR status.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine