Sex Differences in Stroke Severity, Symptoms, and Deficits After First-ever Ischemic Stroke

Kevin M. Barrett, Thomas G. Brott, Robert D. Brown, Michael R. Frankel, Bradford B. Worrall, Scott L. Silliman, L. Douglas Case, Stephen S. Rich, James F. Meschia

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Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the study was to assess whether there were sex differences in stroke severity, infarct characteristics, symptoms, or the symptoms-deficit relationship at the time of acute stroke presentation. Methods: In a prospective study of 505 patients with first-ever ischemic stroke (the Ischemic Stroke Genetics Study), stroke subtype was centrally adjudicated and infarcts were characterized by imaging. Deficits were assessed by National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and stroke symptoms were assessed using a structured interview. Kappa statistics were generated to assess agreement between the NIHSS and the structured interview, and a Chi square test was used to assess agreement between the NIHSS and the structured interview by sex. Results: In all, 276 patients (55%) were men and 229 (45%) were women. Ages ranged from 19 to 94 years (median, 65 years). The mean (±SD) NIHSS score of 3.8 (±4.5) for men and 4.3 (±5.2) for women was similar (P = .15). No sex difference was observed for the symptoms of numbness, visual deficits, or language. Weakness occurred in a greater proportion of women (69%) than men (59%) (P = .03). Stroke subtype did not differ significantly between sexes (P = .79). Infarct size and location were similar for each sex. The association between symptoms and neurologic deficits did not differ by sex. Conclusions: We found no sex difference in stroke severity, stroke subtype, or infarct size and location in patients with incident ischemic stroke. A greater proportion of women presented with weakness; however, similar proportions of men and women presented with other traditional stroke symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-39
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Ischemia
  • sex differences
  • stroke
  • stroke severity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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