Wheezing is a major long-term respiratory morbidity in preterm infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia. We hypothesized that mild vs. severe hyperoxic exposure in neonatal mice differentially affects airway smooth muscle hypertrophy and resultant airway reactivity. Newborn mice were exposed to 7 days of mild (40% oxygen) or severe (70% oxygen) hyperoxia vs. room air controls. Respiratory system resistance (Rrs), compliance (Crs), and airway reactivity were measured 14 days after oxygen exposure ended under ketamine/xylazine anesthesia. Baseline Rrs increased and Crs decreased in both treatment groups. Methacholine challenge dose dependently increased Rrs and decreased Crs in 40% oxygen-exposed mice, whereas Rrs and Crs responses were similar between 70% oxygen-exposed and normoxic controls. Airway smooth muscle thickness was increased in 40%- but not 70%-exposed mice, whereas collagen increased and both alveolar number and radial alveolar counts decreased after 40% and 70% oxygen. These data indicate that severity of hyperoxia may differentially affect structural and functional changes in the developing mouse airway that contribute to longer-term hyperreactivity. These findings may be important to our understanding of the complex role of neonatal supplemental oxygen therapy in postnatal development of airway responsiveness.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology|
|State||Published - Aug 15 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Physiology (medical)
- Cell Biology