Severity of Illness and Organ Failure Assessment in Adult Intensive Care Units

Bekele Afessa, Ognjen Gajic, Mark T. Keegan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The critical care community has been using severity and organ failure assessment tools for over 2 decades. The major adult severity assessment models are Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, Simplified Acute Physiology Score, and Mortality Probability Model. All three recent versions of these models perform well in predicting hospital mortality. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score is the most used tool for assessment of multiple organ failure. These tools have been used extensively in clinical research involving critically ill patients and for benchmarking and the measurement of performance improvement. Their roles as clinical decision support tools at the bedside await future studies because of their unknown or poor performance at the individual patient level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)639-658
Number of pages20
JournalCritical Care Clinics
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007

Fingerprint

Intensive Care Units
Clinical Decision Support Systems
Organ Dysfunction Scores
Benchmarking
APACHE
Multiple Organ Failure
Critical Care
Hospital Mortality
Critical Illness
Mortality
Research
Simplified Acute Physiology Score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Severity of Illness and Organ Failure Assessment in Adult Intensive Care Units. / Afessa, Bekele; Gajic, Ognjen; Keegan, Mark T.

In: Critical Care Clinics, Vol. 23, No. 3, 07.2007, p. 639-658.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Afessa, Bekele ; Gajic, Ognjen ; Keegan, Mark T. / Severity of Illness and Organ Failure Assessment in Adult Intensive Care Units. In: Critical Care Clinics. 2007 ; Vol. 23, No. 3. pp. 639-658.
@article{7b47d2681766480aab33c61f25be6774,
title = "Severity of Illness and Organ Failure Assessment in Adult Intensive Care Units",
abstract = "The critical care community has been using severity and organ failure assessment tools for over 2 decades. The major adult severity assessment models are Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, Simplified Acute Physiology Score, and Mortality Probability Model. All three recent versions of these models perform well in predicting hospital mortality. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score is the most used tool for assessment of multiple organ failure. These tools have been used extensively in clinical research involving critically ill patients and for benchmarking and the measurement of performance improvement. Their roles as clinical decision support tools at the bedside await future studies because of their unknown or poor performance at the individual patient level.",
author = "Bekele Afessa and Ognjen Gajic and Keegan, {Mark T.}",
year = "2007",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.ccc.2007.05.004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "639--658",
journal = "Critical Care Clinics",
issn = "0749-0704",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Severity of Illness and Organ Failure Assessment in Adult Intensive Care Units

AU - Afessa, Bekele

AU - Gajic, Ognjen

AU - Keegan, Mark T.

PY - 2007/7

Y1 - 2007/7

N2 - The critical care community has been using severity and organ failure assessment tools for over 2 decades. The major adult severity assessment models are Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, Simplified Acute Physiology Score, and Mortality Probability Model. All three recent versions of these models perform well in predicting hospital mortality. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score is the most used tool for assessment of multiple organ failure. These tools have been used extensively in clinical research involving critically ill patients and for benchmarking and the measurement of performance improvement. Their roles as clinical decision support tools at the bedside await future studies because of their unknown or poor performance at the individual patient level.

AB - The critical care community has been using severity and organ failure assessment tools for over 2 decades. The major adult severity assessment models are Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, Simplified Acute Physiology Score, and Mortality Probability Model. All three recent versions of these models perform well in predicting hospital mortality. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score is the most used tool for assessment of multiple organ failure. These tools have been used extensively in clinical research involving critically ill patients and for benchmarking and the measurement of performance improvement. Their roles as clinical decision support tools at the bedside await future studies because of their unknown or poor performance at the individual patient level.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34548830143&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34548830143&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ccc.2007.05.004

DO - 10.1016/j.ccc.2007.05.004

M3 - Article

C2 - 17900487

AN - SCOPUS:34548830143

VL - 23

SP - 639

EP - 658

JO - Critical Care Clinics

JF - Critical Care Clinics

SN - 0749-0704

IS - 3

ER -