Severe suppression of Frzb/sFRP3 transcription in osteogenic sarcoma

Deendayal Mandal, Alok Srivastava, Eric Mahlum, Dinakar Desai, Avudaiappan Maran, Michael Yaszemski, Syed M. Jalal, Steven Gitelis, Franco Bertoni, Tim Damron, Ronald Irwin, Mary O'Connor, Herbert Schwartz, Mark E. Bolander, Gobinda Sarkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deciphering the molecular basis of cancer is critical for developing novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. To better understand the early molecular events involving osteogenic sarcoma (OGS), we have initiated a program to identify potential tumor suppressor genes. Expression profiling of total RNA from ten normal bone cell lines and eleven OGS-derived cell lines by microarray showed 135-fold lower expression of FRZB/sFRP3 mRNA in OGS cells compared to bone cells; this down-regulation of Frzb/sFRP3 mRNA expression was found to be serum-independent. Subsequently, fourteen OGS biopsy specimens showed nine-fold down-regulation of Frzb/sFRP3 mRNA expression compared to expression in eight normal bone specimens as determined by microarray. FRZB /sFRP3 protein level was also found to be at a very low level in 4/4 OGS cell lines examined. Quantitation by RT-PCR indicated ∼ 70% and ∼ 90% loss of Frzb/sFRP3 mRNA expression in OGS biopsy specimens and OGS-derived cell lines respectively, compared to expression in bone (p < 0.0001). Hybridization experiments of a cDNA microarray containing paired normal and tumor specimens from nineteen different organs did not show any significant difference in the level of Frzb/sFRP3 mRNA expression between the normal and the corresponding tumor tissues. Exogenous expression of FRZB/sFRP3 mRNA in two OGS-derived cell lines lacking endogenous expression of the mRNA produced abundant mRNA from the exogenous gene, eliminating degradation as a possibility for very low level of FRZB/sFRP3 mRNA in OGS specimens. Results from PCR-based experiments suggest that the FRZB/sFRP3 gene is not deleted in OGS cell lines, however, karyotyping shows gross abnormalities involving chromosome 2 (location of the FRZB gene) in five of twelve OGS-derived cell lines. Together, these data suggest a tumor-suppressive potential for FRZB/sFRP3 in OGS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-138
Number of pages8
JournalGene
Volume386
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2007

Keywords

  • FRZB/sFRP3
  • Microarray
  • Osteogenic sarcoma
  • Transcription
  • Tumor suppressor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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  • Cite this

    Mandal, D., Srivastava, A., Mahlum, E., Desai, D., Maran, A., Yaszemski, M., Jalal, S. M., Gitelis, S., Bertoni, F., Damron, T., Irwin, R., O'Connor, M., Schwartz, H., Bolander, M. E., & Sarkar, G. (2007). Severe suppression of Frzb/sFRP3 transcription in osteogenic sarcoma. Gene, 386(1-2), 131-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2006.08.030