Severe Mitral Annular Calcification: Multimodality Imaging for Therapeutic Strategies and Interventions

Mackram Eleid, Thomas A. Foley, Sameh M. Said, Sorin V. Pislaru, Charanjit Rihal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mitral annular calcification (MAC) is a chronic degenerative process associated with advanced age and conditions predisposing to left ventricular hypertrophy. Assessment of mitral valve disease in patients with severe MAC can be a challenge. When severe MAC results in mitral stenosis or regurgitation, multimodality imaging with 2-dimensional, 3-dimensional, and Doppler echocardiography and cardiac computed tomography angiography can delineate the severity and pathoanatomic features to help guide therapeutic strategies. New approaches using computer-assisted simulation of transcatheter valves and novel percutaneous and surgical techniques are being used to devise effective alternative strategies to conventional mitral valve replacement in this high-risk group of patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1318-1337
Number of pages20
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

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Mitral Valve
Doppler Echocardiography
Mitral Valve Stenosis
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Computer Simulation
Therapeutics
Computed Tomography Angiography

Keywords

  • cardiac computed tomography angiography
  • echocardiography
  • mitral annular calcification
  • transcatheter mitral valve implantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Severe Mitral Annular Calcification : Multimodality Imaging for Therapeutic Strategies and Interventions. / Eleid, Mackram; Foley, Thomas A.; Said, Sameh M.; Pislaru, Sorin V.; Rihal, Charanjit.

In: JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging, Vol. 9, No. 11, 01.11.2016, p. 1318-1337.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Eleid, Mackram ; Foley, Thomas A. ; Said, Sameh M. ; Pislaru, Sorin V. ; Rihal, Charanjit. / Severe Mitral Annular Calcification : Multimodality Imaging for Therapeutic Strategies and Interventions. In: JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging. 2016 ; Vol. 9, No. 11. pp. 1318-1337.
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