Severe alcoholic hepatitis as precipitant for organ failure and ACLF

Jonel Trebicka, Alexandre Louvet, Vicente Arroyo, Rajiv Jalan, Vijay H. Shah, Richard Moreau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Alcoholic hepatitis is the acute deterioration of alcoholic liver disease with rapid onset or worsening of jaundice, which in severe cases, may transition to acute-on-chronic liver failure with extremely high short-term mortality, increasing with the number and severity of hepatic and extra-hepatic organ dysfunction. Diagnosis and treatment are insufficient and challenging, especially due to the complex, multi-factorial and as yet not fully understood pathogenesis. While current management is limited to steroids and best supportive care, debate is ongoing concerning liver transplantation for selected patients, and several novel approaches are under way with mixed results. These drawbacks in disease management together with increasing prevalence in Germany, and generally in Western countries, constitute an unmet need for the healthcare systems. This review tries to summarize the current status of these aspects and provides an overview for pathogenesis, management and potential future treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-76
Number of pages10
JournalZeitschrift fur Gastroenterologie
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • ACLF
  • ASH
  • liver transplantation
  • systemic inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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