Seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B and C viruses and syphilis among blood donors in Koudougou (Burkina Faso) in 2009

Marius Bolni Nagalo, Mahamoudou Sanou, Cyrille Bisseye, Marilène Inès Kaboré, Yacouba K. Nebie, Kisito Kienou, Alice Kiba, Honorine Dahourou, Siaka Ouattara, Jean Didier Zongo, Jacques Simporé

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46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. The high prevalence of numerous transfusion-transmitted infectious diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis in sub-Saharan Africa affects the safety of blood for recipients. This study was undertaken with the aim of determining the seroprevalence of HIV, HCV, HBV, syphilis and socio-demographic risk factors associated with blood donation in a new regional blood transfusion centre in Burkina Faso. Material and methods. Sera samples were screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), antibodies to HCV, HIV types 1 and 2 and to Treponema pallidum using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and Rapid Plasma Reagin test (RPR) respectively. All the reactive samples for HIV, HBsAg, and HCV were confirmed using a second enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Antibodies to Treponema pallidum were confirmed with a Treponema pallidum haemagglutination test (TPHA). Results. From the total of 4,520 blood donors in 2009, 1,348 (29.82%) were infected with at least one pathogen and 149 (3.30%) had serological evidence of multiple infections. The overall seroprevalence rate of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis was 2.21%, 14.96%, 8.69% and 3.96%, respectively. Among blood donors with multiples infections, the most common dual or triple combinations were HBsAg-HCV (1.39%), HBsAg-syphilis (0.66%) and HBsAg-HCV-syphilis (0.11%). The highest prevalences of HBsAg and HIV were found among blood donors from rural areas and in the age groups of 20-29 years and >40 years old, respectively. Conclusion. HBV and HCV remain the greatest threats to blood safety in Burkina Faso. Strict selection and retention of voluntary, non-remunerated low-risk blood donors are recommended to improve blood safety in the regional blood transfusion centre of Koudougou.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-424
Number of pages6
JournalBlood Transfusion
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 31 2011

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Keywords

  • Blood donors
  • Burkina Faso
  • HBV
  • HCV
  • Transfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Hematology

Cite this

Nagalo, M. B., Sanou, M., Bisseye, C., Kaboré, M. I., Nebie, Y. K., Kienou, K., Kiba, A., Dahourou, H., Ouattara, S., Zongo, J. D., & Simporé, J. (2011). Seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B and C viruses and syphilis among blood donors in Koudougou (Burkina Faso) in 2009. Blood Transfusion, 9(4), 419-424. https://doi.org/10.2450/2011.0112-10