Soluble receptors have been shown to be potent immunomodulators of their respective ligands. Since IL-6 is a central growth factor for myeloma cells, as sIL-6R may modulate IL-6 activity. We have previously reported a novel IL-6R mRNA from myeloma cells that exhibits a 94-nt deletion of the entire transmembrane domain from codons 356 (G-TG) to 387 (AG-G). The transmembrane domain deletion results in a shift in the translational reading frame with the insertion of 10 new amino acids followed by a stop codon. Sequence analysis shows the ligand-binding domain of the sIL-6R to be identical to that of the membrane-bound IL-6R up to the transmembrane domain deletion. The sIL-6R cDNA was expressed in QT-6 fibroblasts and PA-1 ovarian cells using the expression vector pCDM8. Supernates were immunoprecipitated with anti-IL-6R antibody and cells transfected with the sIL-6R cDNA produced a single band with a molecular weight of 50-55 kDa. This molecular weight corresponds to the size of the sIL-6R protein observed in normal human urine. Supernates were collected from mock or sIL-6R transfected PA-1 cells after 48 hours and assayed for their ability to stimulate or suppress the growth of an IL-6 dependent cell line, ANBL-6. Soluble IL-6R alone had no effect on the growth of the ANBL-6 cells. However, the growth of ANBL-6 cells by sIL-6R was potentiated in the presence of IL-6 and could be blocked by anti-IL-6 antibody. The above results suggest that, in the presence of IL-6, sIL-6R associates with gp130 leading to signal transduction and cell growth.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Microbiology (medical)