Sensitivities of human jejunum, ileum, proximal colon, and gallbladder to cholecystokinin octapeptide

J. E. Kellow, L. J. Miller, S. F. Phillips, A. C. Haddad, A. R. Zinsmeister, J. W. Charboneau

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52 Scopus citations


We compared in humans simultaneous motor responses of the jejunum, ileum, proximal colon, and gallbladder (GB) to intravenous cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-OP). To gauge the physiological relevance of the doses of CCK-OP, intestinal motility and GB contraction were also quantified after a fatty meal. Eight healthy volunteers participated in both experiments. Six graded, 30-min intravenous infusions had a mean range of 2.2 to 73.2 pmol·kg-1·h-1 of CCK-OP; these spanned from subphysiological (negligible contraction of GB) to pharmacological (producing intestinal symptoms and a 70-99% contraction of GB) levels. CCK-OP inhibited interdigestive cycles of motility, though in some persons fasting patterns persisted with doses of CCK-OP, which produced up to 50% reduction in GB volume. Motility indices of the ileum and proximal colon responded to CCK-OP by decreasing initially but then increasing with larger doses; motility of the jejunum increased gradually at all doses. Judged by the gallbladder's response to food (reduction in volume down from 74 to 29% of original volume), the physiological range of infused CCK-OP was ~5-16 pmol·kg-1·h-1. Within this range of doses of CCK-OP, motility of the jejunum increased, whereas motility of the proximal colon was reduced. These data are consistent with CCK being a 'physiological' mediator of intestinal motility in humans; responses of the intestine to the peptide appear to vary regionally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G345-G356
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Issue number3 (15/3)
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)


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