Sensitive liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry assay for quantitation of docetaxel and paclitaxel in human plasma

Robert A. Parise, Ramesh K. Ramanathan, William C. Zamboni, Merrill J. Egorin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have developed a high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method for quantifying docetaxel and paclitaxel in human plasma. The assay fulfills the need for defining the lower plasma concentrations of these antineoplastic agents that result from a number of changes in how these agents are used clinically. The assay uses paclitaxel as the internal standard for docetaxel, and vice versa; solid-phase extraction; a Phenomenex Hypersil ODS (5 μm, 100×2 mm) reversed-phase analytical column; an isocratic mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid in methanol-water (70:30, v/v); and mass spectrometric detection using electrospray positive mode electron ionization. The assay has a lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) of 0.3 nM and is linear between 0.3 nM and 1 μM for docetaxel. For paclitaxel, the LLOQ was 1 nM, and the assay is linear between 1 nM and 1 μM. We demonstrated the suitability of this assay for docetaxel by using it to quantify the docetaxel concentrations in plasma of a patient given 40 mg/m2 of docetaxel and comparing those results to results produced when the same samples were assayed with an HPLC assay using absorbance detection. In a similar manner, the suitability of the assay for paclitaxel was demonstrated by using it to quantify the concentrations of paclitaxel in the plasma of a patient given 15 mg/m2 of paclitaxel and comparing those results to results produced when the same samples were assayed with an HPLC assay using absorbance detection. The LC-MS assay, which proved superior because of its greater sensitivity and relatively short (7 min) run time, should be an important tool for future pharmacokinetic analyses of docetaxel and paclitaxel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-236
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume783
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 5 2003

Keywords

  • Docetaxel
  • Paclitaxel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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