Recently we reported the isolation of cDNAs for a number of genes that are differentially expressed between nonproliferating early (young) and late (senescent) population doubling level (PDL) WI-38 human, fetal lung-derived, fibroblast-like cells. We now demonstrate that one of these isolates, EPC-1 (early PDL cDNA-1), derives from an approximately 1.4-kilobase mRNA species that is expressed at a ≥ 100-fold higher level in serum-starved, confluent, young versus similarly treated senescent WI-38 cells. Complete nucleotide sequence analysis of this cDNA confirms its identity with that of a cDNA encoding a secreted, retinal pigmented epithelium differentiation factor as well as similarity of the encoded protein with a number of mammalian serine protease inhibitors. We show that EPC-1 expression is associated with G0 growth arrest in WI-38 cells. The mRNA readily accumulates in density- arrested and/or serum-starved young cells but not in log phase, low density young cells. In contrast, EPC-1 transcript abundance and expression of the encoded, secreted protein are both negligible in senescent WI-38 cells under all culture conditions tested. These findings support the hypothesis that senescent WI-38 cells exhibit a state of growth arrest fundamentally distinct from that of quiescent (G0) young cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology