Seligman's theory of attributional style: Optimism, pessimism, and quality of life after heart transplant

Sheila Jowsey, Susanne Cutshall, Robert Colligan, Susanna Stevens, Walter K Kremers, Adriana Vasquez, Brooks Sayre Edwards, Richard Daly, Christopher McGregor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context-Posttransplant quality of life can be significantly affected by personality characteristics identified before transplant.Objective-Although overall quality of life in heart transplant patients improves after transplant, many studies reveal poorer mental health outcomes after transplant. We aimed to determine whether transplant recipients with an optimistic explanatory style had improved quality of life, fewer depressive symptoms, and increased survival.Design-We reviewed 68 patients who had completed a Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory a mean of 2 years before transplant and examined associations between scores on the Optimism-Pessimism scale, survival rates, and results from the Health Status Questionnaire nearly 4 years after transplant.Results-Optimism was significantly associated with higher quality of life even after age (at the time of transplant), sex, depression score before transplant, time from the personality inventory to transplant, and time from transplant to the Health Status Questionnaire were controlled for. Furthermore, a pessimistic explanatory style was significantly associated with self-reported depressive symptoms, even after depression before transplant was adjusted for. Neither optimism nor pessimism was associated with length of survival.Conclusions-Pretransplant patients with a pessimistic explanatory style reported depressive symptoms nearly 5 years later. Furthermore, over the same time span, patients with an optimistic explanatory style described a significantly higher quality of life than the pessimists described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-55
Number of pages7
JournalProgress in Transplantation
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

Fingerprint

Quality of Life
Transplants
Depression
Health Status
Optimism
Pessimism
Personality Inventory
MMPI
Survival
Personality
Mental Health
Survival Rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

Cite this

Seligman's theory of attributional style : Optimism, pessimism, and quality of life after heart transplant. / Jowsey, Sheila; Cutshall, Susanne; Colligan, Robert; Stevens, Susanna; Kremers, Walter K; Vasquez, Adriana; Edwards, Brooks Sayre; Daly, Richard; McGregor, Christopher.

In: Progress in Transplantation, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.03.2012, p. 49-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jowsey, Sheila ; Cutshall, Susanne ; Colligan, Robert ; Stevens, Susanna ; Kremers, Walter K ; Vasquez, Adriana ; Edwards, Brooks Sayre ; Daly, Richard ; McGregor, Christopher. / Seligman's theory of attributional style : Optimism, pessimism, and quality of life after heart transplant. In: Progress in Transplantation. 2012 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 49-55.
@article{027e76f292734c8992688681de9a4e53,
title = "Seligman's theory of attributional style: Optimism, pessimism, and quality of life after heart transplant",
abstract = "Context-Posttransplant quality of life can be significantly affected by personality characteristics identified before transplant.Objective-Although overall quality of life in heart transplant patients improves after transplant, many studies reveal poorer mental health outcomes after transplant. We aimed to determine whether transplant recipients with an optimistic explanatory style had improved quality of life, fewer depressive symptoms, and increased survival.Design-We reviewed 68 patients who had completed a Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory a mean of 2 years before transplant and examined associations between scores on the Optimism-Pessimism scale, survival rates, and results from the Health Status Questionnaire nearly 4 years after transplant.Results-Optimism was significantly associated with higher quality of life even after age (at the time of transplant), sex, depression score before transplant, time from the personality inventory to transplant, and time from transplant to the Health Status Questionnaire were controlled for. Furthermore, a pessimistic explanatory style was significantly associated with self-reported depressive symptoms, even after depression before transplant was adjusted for. Neither optimism nor pessimism was associated with length of survival.Conclusions-Pretransplant patients with a pessimistic explanatory style reported depressive symptoms nearly 5 years later. Furthermore, over the same time span, patients with an optimistic explanatory style described a significantly higher quality of life than the pessimists described.",
author = "Sheila Jowsey and Susanne Cutshall and Robert Colligan and Susanna Stevens and Kremers, {Walter K} and Adriana Vasquez and Edwards, {Brooks Sayre} and Richard Daly and Christopher McGregor",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.7182/pit2012451",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "49--55",
journal = "Progress in transplantation (Aliso Viejo, Calif.)",
issn = "1526-9248",
publisher = "InnoVision Communications",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seligman's theory of attributional style

T2 - Optimism, pessimism, and quality of life after heart transplant

AU - Jowsey, Sheila

AU - Cutshall, Susanne

AU - Colligan, Robert

AU - Stevens, Susanna

AU - Kremers, Walter K

AU - Vasquez, Adriana

AU - Edwards, Brooks Sayre

AU - Daly, Richard

AU - McGregor, Christopher

PY - 2012/3/1

Y1 - 2012/3/1

N2 - Context-Posttransplant quality of life can be significantly affected by personality characteristics identified before transplant.Objective-Although overall quality of life in heart transplant patients improves after transplant, many studies reveal poorer mental health outcomes after transplant. We aimed to determine whether transplant recipients with an optimistic explanatory style had improved quality of life, fewer depressive symptoms, and increased survival.Design-We reviewed 68 patients who had completed a Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory a mean of 2 years before transplant and examined associations between scores on the Optimism-Pessimism scale, survival rates, and results from the Health Status Questionnaire nearly 4 years after transplant.Results-Optimism was significantly associated with higher quality of life even after age (at the time of transplant), sex, depression score before transplant, time from the personality inventory to transplant, and time from transplant to the Health Status Questionnaire were controlled for. Furthermore, a pessimistic explanatory style was significantly associated with self-reported depressive symptoms, even after depression before transplant was adjusted for. Neither optimism nor pessimism was associated with length of survival.Conclusions-Pretransplant patients with a pessimistic explanatory style reported depressive symptoms nearly 5 years later. Furthermore, over the same time span, patients with an optimistic explanatory style described a significantly higher quality of life than the pessimists described.

AB - Context-Posttransplant quality of life can be significantly affected by personality characteristics identified before transplant.Objective-Although overall quality of life in heart transplant patients improves after transplant, many studies reveal poorer mental health outcomes after transplant. We aimed to determine whether transplant recipients with an optimistic explanatory style had improved quality of life, fewer depressive symptoms, and increased survival.Design-We reviewed 68 patients who had completed a Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory a mean of 2 years before transplant and examined associations between scores on the Optimism-Pessimism scale, survival rates, and results from the Health Status Questionnaire nearly 4 years after transplant.Results-Optimism was significantly associated with higher quality of life even after age (at the time of transplant), sex, depression score before transplant, time from the personality inventory to transplant, and time from transplant to the Health Status Questionnaire were controlled for. Furthermore, a pessimistic explanatory style was significantly associated with self-reported depressive symptoms, even after depression before transplant was adjusted for. Neither optimism nor pessimism was associated with length of survival.Conclusions-Pretransplant patients with a pessimistic explanatory style reported depressive symptoms nearly 5 years later. Furthermore, over the same time span, patients with an optimistic explanatory style described a significantly higher quality of life than the pessimists described.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84861488715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84861488715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.7182/pit2012451

DO - 10.7182/pit2012451

M3 - Article

C2 - 22489443

AN - SCOPUS:84861488715

VL - 22

SP - 49

EP - 55

JO - Progress in transplantation (Aliso Viejo, Calif.)

JF - Progress in transplantation (Aliso Viejo, Calif.)

SN - 1526-9248

IS - 1

ER -