Seldom one and done: Characterizing rates of reoperation with direct-to-implant breast reconstruction after mastectomy

Jacob B. Hammond, Brittany M. Foley, Heidi E. Kosiorek, Patricia A. Cronin, Alanna M. Rebecca, William J. Casey, Erwin A. Kruger, Chad M. Teven, Barbara A. Pockaj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Limited data exist outlining reoperations after direct-to-implant (DTI), tissue expander (TE) and autologous free-flap breast reconstruction. Methods: Patients undergoing mastectomy with reconstruction from 2008 to 18 were reviewed. Patient factors, surgical techniques, planned, unplanned, and total reoperations were analyzed. Results: Among 544 total patients, the majority underwent DTI (294, 54%) or TE (176, 32%); 74 (14%) received autologous free-flaps. Majority of DTI patients (55%) underwent subsequent reoperations. Compared to autologous tissue, DTI had less patients undergo additional surgery (76% vs. 55%, P = 0.001). Incidence of total unplanned reoperations did not significantly differ between reconstructive groups. The rate of unplanned reoperations due to complications was lowest for DTI (39%) when compared to TE (48%) and autologous (55%, P = 0.015). Compared to TE, DTI carried a lower risk for ≥2 total reoperations (OR = 0.21, 95% CI 0.13–0.33, P < 0.001). Conclusions: Seldom “one and done,” additional surgery after DTI remains significant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Breast reconstruction
  • Direct-to-implant
  • Mastectomy
  • Revisions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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