Objectives: To determine the effect of stereotactic radiosurgery on seizure outcomes for patients with intracerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM). Methods: Between May 1990 and December 1998, 65 patients with a history of single or recurrent seizures underwent AVM radiosurgery, had more than 1 year of follow-up, and sufficient data to record an Engel seizure frequency score. The authors reviewed their records and updated clinical information when necessary with direct patient contact. Follow-up ranged from 12 to 144 months (median, 48 months). Seizure frequency was compared before and after radiosurgery with the Engel Seizure Frequency Scoring System. Results: Overall, 26 patients (51%) were seizure-free (aura-free) after radiosurgery at 3-year follow-up; 40 patients (78%) had an excellent outcome (non-disabling simple partial seizures only) at 3-year follow-up. Factors associated with seizure-free or excellent outcomes include a low seizure frequency score (<4) before radiosurgery and smaller size and diameter AVM. Twenty-three patients had intractable partial epilepsy prior to treatment. Twelve (52%) of 23 and 11 of 18 (61%) patients with medically intractable partial epilepsy had excellent outcomes at years 1 and 3. Conclusion: Overall, stereotactic radiosurgery improves seizure outcomes in the majority of patients and more than half of the patients with medically intractable partial epilepsy had an excellent seizure outcome after radiosurgery.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Aug 24 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology