Secretory IgA induces antigen-independent eosinophil survival and cytokine production without inducing effector functions

Kathleen R. Bartemes, Kate M. Cooper, Kerry L. Drain, Hirohito Kita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Eosinophils in human beings reside in tissues, especially the mucosal tissues of the gastrointestinal tract and inflamed airways. Secretory IgA (S-IgA) is the predominant antibody secreted by these tissues and likely plays a role in the innate immune response. Objective: Because eosinophils and S-IgA are often colocalized in mucosal tissues, we examined the potential regulatory effects of S-IgA without antigens on survival, gene expression, and effector functions of human eosinophils. Methods: Eosinophils were incubated with S-IgA in solution without antigens (soluble S-IgA) or with S-IgA immobilized to mimic multivalent antigen cross-linking. Eosinophil activation was monitored by superoxide anion generation and degranulation. Survival was assessed between 24 and 96 hours. Gene and protein expression were examined by microarray and ELISA. Eosinophil lysates were examined by immunoblot for extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation. Results: Immobilized S-IgA stimulated eosinophil superoxide production and degranulation; soluble S-IgA did not. Although immobilized S-IgA inhibited eosinophil survival in vitro, soluble S-IgA enhanced survival; this involved autocrine production of GM-CSF. Soluble S-IgA without antigens induced increases in mRNA levels of various cytokines, chemokines, signal transduction molecules, antiapoptotic factors, and cell surface markers. By using ELISA, we confirmed protein expression of selected mediators. Eosinophil interaction with soluble S-IgA likely involves FcαRI (CD89) and ERK pathway activation. Conclusion: Secretory IgA without multivalent antigens may regulate survival and gene expression of eosinophils. Eosinophils in mucosal tissues can be either primed for action (cytokine production and survival) or fully activated (degranulation and superoxide release) by different forms of S-IgA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)827-835
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume116
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

Keywords

  • Eosinophils
  • Human
  • Immunomodulation
  • Innate immunity
  • Mucosa
  • Secretory IgA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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