Secondary mutations as a mechanism of cisplatin resistance in BRCA2-mutated cancers

Wataru Sakai, Elizabeth M. Swisher, Beth Y. Karlan, Mukesh K. Agarwal, Jake Higgins, Cynthia Friedman, Emily Villegas, Céline Jacquemont, Daniel J. Farrugia, Fergus J. Couch, Nicole Urban, Toshiyasu Taniguchi

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625 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ovarian carcinomas with mutations in the tumour suppressor BRCA2 are particularly sensitive to platinum compounds. However, such carcinomas ultimately develop cisplatin resistance. The mechanism of that resistance is largely unknown. Here we show that acquired resistance to cisplatin can be mediated by secondary intragenic mutations in BRCA2 that restore the wild-type BRCA2 reading frame. First, in a cisplatin-resistant BRCA2-mutated breast-cancer cell line, HCC1428, a secondary genetic change in BRCA2 rescued BRCA2 function. Second, cisplatin selection of a BRCA2-mutated pancreatic cancer cell line, Capan-1 (refs 3, 4), led to five different secondary mutations that restored the wild-type BRCA2 reading frame. All clones with secondary mutations were resistant both to cisplatin and to a poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor (AG14361). Finally, we evaluated recurrent cancers from patients whose primary BRCA2-mutated ovarian carcinomas were treated with cisplatin. The recurrent tumour that acquired cisplatin resistance had undergone reversion of its BRCA2 mutation. Our results suggest that secondary mutations that restore the wild-type BRCA2 reading frame may be a major clinical mediator of acquired resistance to platinum-based chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1116-1120
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume451
Issue number7182
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2008

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    Sakai, W., Swisher, E. M., Karlan, B. Y., Agarwal, M. K., Higgins, J., Friedman, C., Villegas, E., Jacquemont, C., Farrugia, D. J., Couch, F. J., Urban, N., & Taniguchi, T. (2008). Secondary mutations as a mechanism of cisplatin resistance in BRCA2-mutated cancers. Nature, 451(7182), 1116-1120. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06633