Secondary hemophagocytic syndrome associated with cog6 gene defect: Report and review

Nouf Althonaian, Abdulrahman Alsultan, Eva Morava-Kozicz, Majid Alfadhel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare but potentially fatal disease that is characterized by proliferation and infiltration of hyperactivated macrophages and T-lymphocytes. Clinically, it is characterized by prolonged fever, hepatosplenomegaly, hypertriglyceridemia, hypofibrinogenemia, pancytopenia, and hemophagocytosis in the bone marrow, spleen, or lymph nodes. It can be classified as primary if it is due to a genetic defect, or secondary if it is due to a different etiology such as severe infection, immune deficiency syndrome, rheumatological disorder, malignancy, and inborn errors of metabolism such as galactosemia, multiple sulfatase deficiency, lysinuric protein intolerance, Gaucher disease, Niemann–Pick disease, Wolman disease, propionic acidemia, methylmalonic acidemia, biotinidase deficiency, cobalamin C defect, galactosialidosis, Pearson syndrome, and long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCHAD) deficiency. For the first time in the literature, we report on a 5-year-old girl diagnosed with a Component of Oligomeric Golgi Complex 6 (COG6) gene defect complicated by HLH. Finally, we review the literature on inborn errors of metabolism associated with HLH and compare the previously reported patients of COG6 gene defect with our patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationJIMD Reports
PublisherSpringer
Pages105-111
Number of pages7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NameJIMD Reports
Volume42
ISSN (Print)2192-8304
ISSN (Electronic)2192-8312

Keywords

  • CDG
  • COG6-CDG
  • Congenital disorders of glycosylation
  • Hemophagocytic syndrome
  • HLH
  • Inborn errors of metabolism
  • Serum transferrin isoelectric focusing
  • Shaheen syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)

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    Althonaian, N., Alsultan, A., Morava-Kozicz, E., & Alfadhel, M. (2018). Secondary hemophagocytic syndrome associated with cog6 gene defect: Report and review. In JIMD Reports (pp. 105-111). (JIMD Reports; Vol. 42). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/8904_2018_88