Screening of hepatitis G and epstein-barr viruses among voluntary non remunerated blood donors (VNRBD) in burkina faso, west africa

Issoufou Tao, Cyrille Bisseye, Bolni Marius Nagalo, Mahamoudou Sanou, Alice Kiba, Guzin Surat, Tegwindé Rebeca Compaoré, Lassina Traoré, Jean Baptiste Nikiema, Virginio Pietra, Jean Didier Zongo, Jacques Simpore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

In most sub-Saharan countries screening of blood-transmitted infections includes mainly HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis. Many viruses such as Hepatitis G (HGV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) which also carry a risk of transmission by blood transfusion raise the question of the extent of screening for these pathogens. This work aims to evaluate the prevalence of HGV and EBV in first-time blood donors in Ouagadougou. The prevalence of HGV and EBV in 551 blood donors was 7.4% and 5.4% respectively. HGV prevalence was significantly higher in blood donors with hepatitis B antigens and positive for HCV compared to donors negative for HCV and no hepatitis B antigens (respectively p<0.001 and p=0.004). EBV prevalence was higher among blood donors of < 20 years age group. HBV and HCV positive individuals are not eligible for blood donation. This study shows significant results with regard to the prevalence of HGV and EBV prevalence in blood donors in Burkina Faso and emphasizes the need for a general screening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalMediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Screening of hepatitis G and epstein-barr viruses among voluntary non remunerated blood donors (VNRBD) in burkina faso, west africa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this