OBJECTIVE - To determine whether women with diabetes undergo fewer screening mammograms than matched control subjects. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A total of 424 women with diabetes aged 50-75 years who received their primary care from general internists at a large Midwestern multispecialty group practice were retrospectively studied for frequency of mammography from August 1997 to January 2000. Two control subjects without diabetes (n = 845) were matched to each case by age, sex, provider, and date of visit. The main outcome measure was the percentage of subjects undergoing mammography 1 year before and 30 days after an index date, defined as the most recent health care visit after August 1997 and before January 2000. RESULTS - Analysis by conditional logistic regression demonstrated that women with diabetes had significantly lower rates of mammograms than control subjects (78.1 vs. 84.9%, respectively; odds ratio 0.63, P = 0.002). After adjusting for insurance status and race, women with diabetes continued to have significantly lower rates of mammography (odds ratio 0.70, P = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS - Women with diabetes were significantly less likely to undergo screening mammography than control subjects. Considering the increasing incidence of diabetes and the equal incidence of malignancy in women with and without diabetes, it would be beneficial to improve breast cancer screening in this population.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing