Screening for lung cancer with low-dose spiral computed tomography

Stephen J. Swensen, James R. Jett, Jeff A. Sloan, David E. Midthun, Thomas E. Hartman, Anne Marie Sykes, Gregory L. Aughenbaugh, Frank E. Zink, Shauna L. Hillman, Gayle R. Noetzel, Randolph S. Marks, Amy C. Clayton, Peter C. Pairolero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

576 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studies suggest that screening with spiral computed tomography can detect lung cancers at a smaller size and earlier stage than chest radiography can. To evaluate low-radiation-dose spiral computed tomography and sputum cytology in screening for lung cancer, we enrolled 1,520 individuals aged 50 yr or older who had smoked 20 pack-years or more in a prospective cohort study. One year after baseline scanning, 2,244 uncalcified lung nodules were identified in 1,000 participants (66%). Twenty-five cases of lung cancer were diagnosed (22 prevalence, 3 incidence). Computed tomography alone detected 23 cases; sputum cytology alone detected 2 cases. Cell types were: Squamous cell, 6; adenocarcinoma or bronchioalveolar, 15; large cell, 1; small cell, 3. Twenty-two patients underwent curative surgical resection. Seven benign nodules were resected. The mean size of the non-small cell cancers detected by computed tomography was 17 mm (median, 13 mm). The postsurgical stage was IA, 13; IB, 1; IIA, 5; IIB, 1; IIIA, 2; limited, 3. Twelve (57%) of the 21 non-small cell cancers detected by computed tomography were stage IA at diagnosis. Computed tomography can detect early-stage lung cancers. The rate of benign nodule detection is high.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)508-513
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume165
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2002

Keywords

  • Carcinoma
  • Cytology
  • Non-small cell lung
  • Smoking
  • Tomography
  • X-ray computed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Swensen, S. J., Jett, J. R., Sloan, J. A., Midthun, D. E., Hartman, T. E., Sykes, A. M., Aughenbaugh, G. L., Zink, F. E., Hillman, S. L., Noetzel, G. R., Marks, R. S., Clayton, A. C., & Pairolero, P. C. (2002). Screening for lung cancer with low-dose spiral computed tomography. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 165(4), 508-513. https://doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm.165.4.2107006